Jochen Stern

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Allzu langer Pause merkt Mika, dass nicht mglich und kmmert sich in der CO2-Emissionen, typgenehmigt.

Jochen Stern

Verlag Reinhold Kolb, Kurzbeschreibung. Jochen Stern ist Schauspieler, Regisseur und Autor und lebt heute in Bonn. Er stammt aus Frankfurt/Oder und. Jochen Stern, auch Joachim R. Stern, ist ein deutscher Schauspieler und Buchautor. Jochen Stern. Berufsgruppe: Schauspiel; Spielalter: 80 - 94 Jahre; Größe: cm; Wohnort: Bonn; Steuerlicher Wohnsitz: Nordrhein-Westfalen; Sprache(n).

Jochen Stern Neuer Bereich

Jochen Stern, auch Joachim R. Stern, ist ein deutscher Schauspieler und Buchautor. Jochen Stern, auch Joachim R. Stern, (* September in Frankfurt an der Oder) ist ein deutscher Schauspieler und Buchautor. Jochen Stern. Showreel · Download Vita. * Auszeichnungen. Grimme-​Preis, Altersglühen Grimme-Preis, Der Laden. Größe: cm Haare. Der Schauspieler Jochen Stern ist bekannt aus "Good Bye, Lenin" und "Ein Herz und eine Seele". Er war damals Insasse im "Gelben Elend". Verlag Reinhold Kolb, Kurzbeschreibung. Jochen Stern ist Schauspieler, Regisseur und Autor und lebt heute in Bonn. Er stammt aus Frankfurt/Oder und. Foto; Profil; Kontakt. Jochen Stern. Schauspieler. close Jochen Stern. Beruf, Schauspieler. Geburtsjahr, Haarfarbe, weiß. Augenfarbe, blau. Größe, cm. Jochen Stern, Actor: Good Bye Lenin!. Jochen Stern was born on September 13, in Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany. He is an actor, known for Good Bye.

Jochen Stern

Jochen Stern. Showreel · Download Vita. * Auszeichnungen. Grimme-​Preis, Altersglühen Grimme-Preis, Der Laden. Größe: cm Haare. Jochen Stern. Berufsgruppe: Schauspiel; Spielalter: 80 - 94 Jahre; Größe: cm; Wohnort: Bonn; Steuerlicher Wohnsitz: Nordrhein-Westfalen; Sprache(n). Verlag Reinhold Kolb, Kurzbeschreibung. Jochen Stern ist Schauspieler, Regisseur und Autor und lebt heute in Bonn. Er stammt aus Frankfurt/Oder und. Jochen Stern. Berufsgruppe: Schauspiel; Spielalter: 80 - 94 Jahre; Größe: cm; Wohnort: Bonn; Steuerlicher Wohnsitz: Nordrhein-Westfalen; Sprache(n). Profil von Jochen Stern mit Agentur, Kontakt, Vita, Demoband, Showreel, Fotos auf CASTFORWARD | e-TALENTA, der Online Casting Plattform.

After he exited the smoke-filled cockpit, Marseille's chest struck the vertical stabiliser of his aircraft. The blow either killed him instantly or incapacitated him so that he was unable to open his parachute.

While on sick leave in Athens at the end of December , he was summoned to Berlin by a telegram from his mother.

Upon arriving home, he learned his sister had been killed by a jealous lover while living in Vienna. Hans-Joachim reportedly never recovered emotionally from this blow.

When Marseille was still a young child his parents divorced and his mother subsequently married a police official named Reuter.

Marseille initially assumed the name of his stepfather at school a matter he had a difficult time accepting but he reverted to his father's name of Marseille in adulthood.

A lack of discipline gave him a reputation as a rebel, which plagued him early on in his Luftwaffe career.

Eventually he attempted a reconciliation with his father, who subsequently introduced him to the nightlife that initially hampered his military career during his early years in the Luftwaffe.

However, the rapprochement with his father did not last and he did not see him again. Marseille joined the Luftwaffe on 7 November as an officer candidate and received his basic training in Quedlinburg in the Harz region.

Among his classmates was Werner Schröer. Marseille completed his training at a Fighter Pilot School in Vienna to which he was posted on 1 November Marseille graduated with an outstanding evaluation on 18 July and was assigned to Ergänzungsjagdgruppe Merseburg, stationed at the airport in Merseburg -West.

The British fighter was struck in the engine, pitched over and dived into the English Channel ; this was Marseille's first victory.

Marseille was then engaged from above by more Allied fighters. By pushing his aircraft into a steep dive, then pulling up metres above the water, Marseille escaped from the machine gun fire of his opponents: "skipping away over the waves, I made a clean break.

No one followed me and I returned to Leeuwarden [sic—Marseille was based near Calais, not Leeuwarden]. Marseille was reprimanded when it emerged he had abandoned his wingman, and staffel to engage the opponent alone.

In so doing, Marseille had violated a basic rule of air combat. While returning from a bomber-escort mission on 23 September flying Werknummer W.

Although Marseille tried to radio his position, he bailed out over the sea. He paddled around in the water for three hours before being rescued by the float plane based at Schellingwoude.

Exhausted and suffering from exposure , he was sent to a field hospital. When he returned to duty, he received a stern rebuke from his commander, Herbert Ihlefeld.

In engaging Bennions, or Tuck, Marseille had abandoned his leader Staffelkapitän Adolf Buhl, who was shot down and killed. During his rebuke, his commander tore up Marseille's flight evaluations.

Other pilots also voiced their dissatisfaction concerning Marseille. A different account recalled how Marseille once ignored an order to turn back from a fight when outnumbered by two to one, but seeing an Allied aircraft closing on his wing leader, Marseille broke formation and shot the attacking aircraft down.

Expecting congratulations when he landed, his commander was critical of his actions, and Marseille received three days of confinement for failing to carry out an order.

Days later, Marseille was passed over for promotion and was now the sole Fähnrich in the Geschwader. This was a humiliation for him, suspecting that his abilities were being suppressed so the squadron leaders could take all the glory in the air.

Shortly afterwards, in early October , after having claimed seven aerial victories all of them while flying with I. He wrote off four aircraft as a result of operations during this period.

He was a very gifted pilot, but he was unreliable. He had girl friends everywhere, and they kept him so busy that he was sometimes so worn out that he had to be grounded.

His sometime irresponsible way of conducting his duties was the main reason I fired him. But he had irresistible charm. As punishment for " insubordination "—rumoured to be his penchant for American jazz music, womanising and an overt "playboy" lifestyle—and inability to fly as a wingman, Steinhoff transferred Marseille to Jagdgeschwader 27 on 24 December His new Gruppenkommandeur , Eduard Neumann , later recalled, "His hair was too long and he brought with him a list of disciplinary punishments as long as your arm.

He was tempestuous, temperamental and unruly. Thirty years later, he would have been called a playboy. He stated in an interview: "Marseille could only be one of two, either a disciplinary problem or a great fighter pilot.

Marseille's unit briefly saw action during the invasion of Yugoslavia , deployed to Zagreb on 10 April , before transferring to Africa.

Marseille continued his journey, first hitchhiking on an Italian truck, then, finding this too slow; he tried his luck at an airstrip in vain.

Finally he made his way to the General in charge of a supply depot on the main route to the front, and convinced him that he should be available for operations next day.

Marseille's character appealed to the General and he put at his disposal his own Opel Admiral , complete with chauffeur. He caught up with his squadron on 21 April.

Marseille scored two more victories on 23 and 28 April, his first in the North African Campaign. As Marseille was leaning forward the rounds missed him by inches.

Marseille managed to crash-land his fighter near Tobruk. Marseille engaged Denis, but overshot his target. A dogfight ensued, in which Denis once again bested Marseille.

Marseille was lucky. Bullets passed in front of his face and behind his head. Blenheim T , from No. Allan, crashed killing all five men aboard.

Bullets whistled around, so we dived into the slit trench. A Messerschmitt, hot on the tail of the Blenheim, was responsible for the bullets. The Blenheim roared down the wadi, out to sea, trying to escape from the Messerschmitt, but the Messerschmitt was too close.

The Blenheim fell out of the sky and crashed into the sea. The plane disappeared completely not leaving a trace.

The Messerschmitt banked and flew inland again. Neumann Geschwaderkommodore as of 10 June encouraged Marseille to self-train to improve his abilities.

He was further frustrated after damage forced him to land on two occasions: once on 14 June and again after he was hit by ground fire over Tobruk and was forced to land blind.

Marseille persisted, and created a unique self-training programme for himself, both physical and tactical, which resulted not only in outstanding situational awareness , marksmanship and confident control of the aircraft, but also in a unique attack tactic that preferred a high angle deflection shooting attack and shooting at the target's front from the side, instead of the common method of chasing an aircraft and shooting at it directly from behind.

Marseille often practiced these tactics on the way back from missions with his comrades and became known as a master of deflection shooting.

As Marseille began to claim Allied aircraft regularly, on occasion he organised the welfare of the downed pilot personally, driving out to remote crash sites to rescue downed Allied airmen.

Marseille flew to Byers' airfield and dropped a note informing the Australians of his condition and treatment.

He returned several days later to second the first note with news of Byers' death. Marseille repeated these sorties after being warned by Neumann that Göring had forbade any more flights of this kind.

Marseille allowed us that escape, our penance I suppose. Finally on 24 September , his practice came to fruition, with his first multiple victory sortie, claiming four Hurricanes of No.

By mid December, he had reached 25 victories [38] and was awarded the German Cross in Gold. Adolf Galland , General der Jagdflieger.

Marseille always strove to improve his abilities. He worked to strengthen his legs and abdominal muscles, to help him tolerate the extreme g forces of air combat.

Marseille also drank an abnormal amount of milk and shunned sunglasses, in the belief that doing so would improve his eyesight. To counter German fighter attacks, the Allied pilots flew " Lufbery circles " in which each aircraft's tail was covered by the friendly aircraft behind.

The tactic was effective and dangerous as a pilot attacking this formation could find himself constantly in the sights of the opposing pilots.

Marseille often dived at high speed into the middle of these defensive formations from either above or below, executing a tight turn and firing a two-second deflection shot to destroy an enemy aircraft.

Marseille's successes had begun to become readily apparent by early He claimed his 37—40th victories on 8 February and 41—44th victories four days later which earned him the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross that same month for 46 victories.

Marseille attacked under conditions many considered unfavourable, but his marksmanship allowed him to make an approach fast enough to escape the return fire of the two aircraft flying on either flank of the target.

Marseille's excellent eyesight made it possible for him to spot the opponent before he was spotted, allowing him to take the appropriate action and manoeuvre into position for an attack.

Marseille "worked" alone in combat keeping his wingman at a safe distance so he would not collide or fire on him in error. In a dogfight , particularly when attacking Allied aircraft in a Lufbery circle, Marseille would often favour dramatically reducing the throttle and even lowering the flaps to reduce speed and shorten his turn radius, rather than the standard procedure of using full throttle throughout.

Clade said of Marseille's tactics:. Marseille developed his own special tactics, which differed significantly from the methods of most other pilots.

When attacking a Lufbery circle he had to fly very slowly. He even took it to the point where he had to operate his landing flaps as not to fall down, because, of course he had to fly his curve turns more tightly than the upper defensive circle.

He and his fighter were one unit, and he was in command of that aircraft like no-one else. Friedrich Körner 36 victories also recognised this as unique: "Shooting in a curve deflection shooting is the most difficult thing a pilot can do.

The enemy flies in a defensive circle, that means they are already lying in a curve and the attacking fighter has to fly into this defensive circle.

By pulling his aircraft right around, his curve radius must be smaller, but if he does that, his target disappears in most cases below his wings.

So he cannot see it anymore and has to proceed simply by instinct. His success as a fighter pilot also led to promotions and more responsibility as an officer.

In a conversation with his friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt , Marseille commented on his style, and his idea of air-to-air combat:.

I often experience combat as it should be. I see myself in the middle of a British [sic] swarm, firing from every position and never getting caught.

Our aircraft are basic elements, Stahlschmidt, which have got to be mastered. You've got to be able to shoot from any position. From left or right turns, out of a roll, on your back, whenever.

Only this way can you develop your own particular tactics. Attack tactics, that the enemy simply cannot anticipate during the course of the battle — a series of unpredictable movements and actions, never the same, always stemming from the situation at hand.

Only then can you plunge into the middle of an enemy swarm and blow it up from the inside. Werner Schröer.

With a wingman, Marseille bounced the Kittyhawks. Marseille nevertheless managed to shoot down another Kittyhawk Sergeant Colin McDiarmid; AK , before nursing his overheating aircraft back to base.

After landing he drove out to the crash site. The P had landed over Allied lines but they found the dead pilot within German territory.

Marseille marked his grave, collected his papers and verified his identity, then flew to Buckland's airfield to deliver a letter of regret. Buckland died two days before his 21st birthday.

His attack method to break up formations, which he perfected, resulted in a high proportion of victories, and in rapid, multiple victories per attack.

On 3 June , Marseille attacked a formation of 16 Curtiss P fighters and shot down six aircraft of No. This success inflated his score further, recording his 70—75th victories.

All the enemy were shot down by Marseille in a turning dogfight. As soon as he shot, he needed only to glance at the enemy plane.

His pattern [of gunfire] began at the front, the engine's nose, and consistently ended in the cockpit.

How he was able to do this not even he could explain. With every dogfight he would throttle back as far as possible; this enabled him to fly tighter turns.

His expenditure of ammunition in this air battle was rounds 60 per aircraft shot down. He was the most amazing and ingenious combat pilot I ever saw.

He was also very lucky on many occasions. He thought nothing of jumping into a fight outnumbered ten to one, often alone, with us trying to catch up to him.

He violated every cardinal rule of fighter combat. He abandoned all the rules. On 17 June , Marseille claimed his th aerial victory.

He was the 11th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. He was finally located. According to rumours he had run off with an Italian girl and was eventually persuaded to return to his unit.

Unusually, nothing was ever said about the incident and no repercussions were visited upon Marseille for this indiscretion.

On 3 September Marseille claimed six victories nos. Three days later Edwards likely killed Günter Steinhausen , a friend of Marseille.

The next day, 7 September , another close friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt was posted missing in action. These personal losses weighed heavily on Marseille's mind along with his family tragedy.

It was noted he barely spoke and became more morose in the last weeks of his life. The strain of combat also induced consistent sleepwalking at night and other symptoms that could be construed as posttraumatic stress disorder.

Marseille never remembered these events. Marseille continued scoring multiple victories throughout September, including seven on 15 September nos.

Between 16 and 25 September, Marseille failed to increase his score due to a fractured arm, sustained in a force landing soon after the 15 September mission.

As a result, he had been forbidden to fly by Eduard Neumann. But the same day, Marseille borrowed the Macchi C. But the one-off flight ended in a wheels-up landing, when the German ace accidentally switched the engine off, as the throttle control in Italian aircraft was opposite to that of the German aircraft.

Marseille had nearly surpassed his friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt's score of 59 victories in just five weeks. However, the massive material superiority of the Allies meant the strain placed on the outnumbered German pilots was now severe.

At this time, the strength of German fighter units was 65 serviceable aircraft against the British muster of some machines. After his last combat on 26 September, Marseille was reportedly on the verge of collapse after a minute battle with a formation of Spitfires, during which he scored his seventh victory of that day.

Of particular note was Marseille's th claim. After landing in the afternoon of 26 September , he was physically exhausted.

Several accounts allude to his Squadron members being visibly shocked at Marseille's physical state. Marseille, according to his own post-battle accounts, had been engaged by a Spitfire pilot in an intense dogfight that began at high altitude and descended to low-level.

Marseille recounted how both he and his opponent strove to get onto the tail of the other. Both succeeded and fired but each time the pursued managed to turn the table on his attacker.

Finally, with only 15 minutes of fuel remaining, he climbed into the sun. The RAF fighter followed and was caught in the glare.

Marseille executed a tight turn and roll, fired from metres range. The Spitfire caught fire and shed a wing. It crashed into the ground with the pilot still inside.

Marseille wrote, "That was the toughest adversary I have ever had. His turns were fabulous I thought it would be my last fight". Unfortunately the pilot and his unit remain unidentified.

All had been allocated to Marseille's 3. Marseille had previously ignored orders to use these new aircraft because of its high engine failure rate, but on the orders of Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring , Marseille reluctantly obeyed.

One of these machines, WK-Nr. Over the next three days Marseille's Staffel was rested and taken off flying duties. On 28 September Marseille received a telephone call from Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel asking to return with him to Berlin.

Hitler was to make a speech at the Berlin Sportpalast on 30 September and Rommel and Marseille were to attend. Marseille rejected this offer, citing that he was needed at the front and had already taken three months' vacation that year.

On 30 September , Hauptmann Marseille was leading his Staffel on a Stuka escort mission covering the withdrawal of the group and relieving the outward escort, III.

Marseille's flight was vectored onto Allied aircraft in the vicinity but the opponent withdrew and did not take up combat. Marseille vectored the heading and height of the formation to Neumann who directed III.

Marseille heard 8. Upon reaching friendly lines, "Yellow 14" had lost power and was drifting lower and lower. Pöttgen called out after about 10 minutes that they had reached the White Mosque of Sidi Abdel Rahman , and were thus within friendly lines.

At this point, Marseille deemed his aircraft no longer flyable and decided to bail out, his last words to his comrades being "I've got to get out now, I can't stand it any longer".

I was at the command post and listening to the radio communication between the pilots. I realised immediately something serious had happened; I knew they were still in flight and that they were trying to bring Marseille over the lines into our territory and that his aircraft was emitting a lot of smoke.

His Staffel , which had been flying a tight formation around him, peeled away to give him the necessary room to manoeuvre. He worked his way out of the cockpit only to be carried backwards by the slipstream.

The left side of his chest struck the vertical stabiliser of his fighter, which either killed him instantly or rendered him unconscious to the point that he could not deploy his parachute.

He fell almost vertically, hitting the desert floor 7 kilometres 4. After recovering the body, the parachute release handle was still on "safe," suggesting Marseille had not attempted to open it.

The doctor had been the first to reach the crash site, having been stationed just to the rear of the forward mine defences. He had also witnessed Marseille's fatal fall.

His arms were hidden beneath his body. As I came closer, I saw a pool of blood that had issued from the side of his crushed skull; brain matter was exposed.

I then noticed the awful wound above the hip. With certainty this could not have come from the fall. The pilot must have been slammed into the airplane when bailing out.

I carefully turned the dead pilot over onto his back. The paybook also told me. I glanced at the dead man's watch. It had stopped at Oberleutnant Ludwig Franzisket collected the body from the desert.

Marseille lay in state in the Staffel sick bay, his comrades coming to pay their respects throughout the day. An enquiry into the crash was hastily set up.

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Jochen Stern

Jochen Stern Mohli by vás také zajímat… Video

Eternal Hans Joachim Marseille

Jochen Stern Birth Name Video

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The Star of Africa - Der Stern von Afrika (1957)

When Marseille was still a young child his parents divorced and his mother subsequently married a police official named Reuter.

Marseille initially assumed the name of his stepfather at school a matter he had a difficult time accepting but he reverted to his father's name of Marseille in adulthood.

A lack of discipline gave him a reputation as a rebel, which plagued him early on in his Luftwaffe career.

Eventually he attempted a reconciliation with his father, who subsequently introduced him to the nightlife that initially hampered his military career during his early years in the Luftwaffe.

However, the rapprochement with his father did not last and he did not see him again. Marseille joined the Luftwaffe on 7 November as an officer candidate and received his basic training in Quedlinburg in the Harz region.

Among his classmates was Werner Schröer. Marseille completed his training at a Fighter Pilot School in Vienna to which he was posted on 1 November Marseille graduated with an outstanding evaluation on 18 July and was assigned to Ergänzungsjagdgruppe Merseburg, stationed at the airport in Merseburg -West.

The British fighter was struck in the engine, pitched over and dived into the English Channel ; this was Marseille's first victory.

Marseille was then engaged from above by more Allied fighters. By pushing his aircraft into a steep dive, then pulling up metres above the water, Marseille escaped from the machine gun fire of his opponents: "skipping away over the waves, I made a clean break.

No one followed me and I returned to Leeuwarden [sic—Marseille was based near Calais, not Leeuwarden]. Marseille was reprimanded when it emerged he had abandoned his wingman, and staffel to engage the opponent alone.

In so doing, Marseille had violated a basic rule of air combat. While returning from a bomber-escort mission on 23 September flying Werknummer W.

Although Marseille tried to radio his position, he bailed out over the sea. He paddled around in the water for three hours before being rescued by the float plane based at Schellingwoude.

Exhausted and suffering from exposure , he was sent to a field hospital. When he returned to duty, he received a stern rebuke from his commander, Herbert Ihlefeld.

In engaging Bennions, or Tuck, Marseille had abandoned his leader Staffelkapitän Adolf Buhl, who was shot down and killed.

During his rebuke, his commander tore up Marseille's flight evaluations. Other pilots also voiced their dissatisfaction concerning Marseille.

A different account recalled how Marseille once ignored an order to turn back from a fight when outnumbered by two to one, but seeing an Allied aircraft closing on his wing leader, Marseille broke formation and shot the attacking aircraft down.

Expecting congratulations when he landed, his commander was critical of his actions, and Marseille received three days of confinement for failing to carry out an order.

Days later, Marseille was passed over for promotion and was now the sole Fähnrich in the Geschwader. This was a humiliation for him, suspecting that his abilities were being suppressed so the squadron leaders could take all the glory in the air.

Shortly afterwards, in early October , after having claimed seven aerial victories all of them while flying with I.

He wrote off four aircraft as a result of operations during this period. He was a very gifted pilot, but he was unreliable. He had girl friends everywhere, and they kept him so busy that he was sometimes so worn out that he had to be grounded.

His sometime irresponsible way of conducting his duties was the main reason I fired him. But he had irresistible charm.

As punishment for " insubordination "—rumoured to be his penchant for American jazz music, womanising and an overt "playboy" lifestyle—and inability to fly as a wingman, Steinhoff transferred Marseille to Jagdgeschwader 27 on 24 December His new Gruppenkommandeur , Eduard Neumann , later recalled, "His hair was too long and he brought with him a list of disciplinary punishments as long as your arm.

He was tempestuous, temperamental and unruly. Thirty years later, he would have been called a playboy. He stated in an interview: "Marseille could only be one of two, either a disciplinary problem or a great fighter pilot.

Marseille's unit briefly saw action during the invasion of Yugoslavia , deployed to Zagreb on 10 April , before transferring to Africa. Marseille continued his journey, first hitchhiking on an Italian truck, then, finding this too slow; he tried his luck at an airstrip in vain.

Finally he made his way to the General in charge of a supply depot on the main route to the front, and convinced him that he should be available for operations next day.

Marseille's character appealed to the General and he put at his disposal his own Opel Admiral , complete with chauffeur.

He caught up with his squadron on 21 April. Marseille scored two more victories on 23 and 28 April, his first in the North African Campaign.

As Marseille was leaning forward the rounds missed him by inches. Marseille managed to crash-land his fighter near Tobruk. Marseille engaged Denis, but overshot his target.

A dogfight ensued, in which Denis once again bested Marseille. Marseille was lucky. Bullets passed in front of his face and behind his head.

Blenheim T , from No. Allan, crashed killing all five men aboard. Bullets whistled around, so we dived into the slit trench. A Messerschmitt, hot on the tail of the Blenheim, was responsible for the bullets.

The Blenheim roared down the wadi, out to sea, trying to escape from the Messerschmitt, but the Messerschmitt was too close.

The Blenheim fell out of the sky and crashed into the sea. The plane disappeared completely not leaving a trace.

The Messerschmitt banked and flew inland again. Neumann Geschwaderkommodore as of 10 June encouraged Marseille to self-train to improve his abilities.

He was further frustrated after damage forced him to land on two occasions: once on 14 June and again after he was hit by ground fire over Tobruk and was forced to land blind.

Marseille persisted, and created a unique self-training programme for himself, both physical and tactical, which resulted not only in outstanding situational awareness , marksmanship and confident control of the aircraft, but also in a unique attack tactic that preferred a high angle deflection shooting attack and shooting at the target's front from the side, instead of the common method of chasing an aircraft and shooting at it directly from behind.

Marseille often practiced these tactics on the way back from missions with his comrades and became known as a master of deflection shooting.

As Marseille began to claim Allied aircraft regularly, on occasion he organised the welfare of the downed pilot personally, driving out to remote crash sites to rescue downed Allied airmen.

Marseille flew to Byers' airfield and dropped a note informing the Australians of his condition and treatment. He returned several days later to second the first note with news of Byers' death.

Marseille repeated these sorties after being warned by Neumann that Göring had forbade any more flights of this kind. Marseille allowed us that escape, our penance I suppose.

Finally on 24 September , his practice came to fruition, with his first multiple victory sortie, claiming four Hurricanes of No.

By mid December, he had reached 25 victories [38] and was awarded the German Cross in Gold. Adolf Galland , General der Jagdflieger.

Marseille always strove to improve his abilities. He worked to strengthen his legs and abdominal muscles, to help him tolerate the extreme g forces of air combat.

Marseille also drank an abnormal amount of milk and shunned sunglasses, in the belief that doing so would improve his eyesight. To counter German fighter attacks, the Allied pilots flew " Lufbery circles " in which each aircraft's tail was covered by the friendly aircraft behind.

The tactic was effective and dangerous as a pilot attacking this formation could find himself constantly in the sights of the opposing pilots.

Marseille often dived at high speed into the middle of these defensive formations from either above or below, executing a tight turn and firing a two-second deflection shot to destroy an enemy aircraft.

Marseille's successes had begun to become readily apparent by early He claimed his 37—40th victories on 8 February and 41—44th victories four days later which earned him the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross that same month for 46 victories.

Marseille attacked under conditions many considered unfavourable, but his marksmanship allowed him to make an approach fast enough to escape the return fire of the two aircraft flying on either flank of the target.

Marseille's excellent eyesight made it possible for him to spot the opponent before he was spotted, allowing him to take the appropriate action and manoeuvre into position for an attack.

Marseille "worked" alone in combat keeping his wingman at a safe distance so he would not collide or fire on him in error.

In a dogfight , particularly when attacking Allied aircraft in a Lufbery circle, Marseille would often favour dramatically reducing the throttle and even lowering the flaps to reduce speed and shorten his turn radius, rather than the standard procedure of using full throttle throughout.

Clade said of Marseille's tactics:. Marseille developed his own special tactics, which differed significantly from the methods of most other pilots.

When attacking a Lufbery circle he had to fly very slowly. He even took it to the point where he had to operate his landing flaps as not to fall down, because, of course he had to fly his curve turns more tightly than the upper defensive circle.

He and his fighter were one unit, and he was in command of that aircraft like no-one else. Friedrich Körner 36 victories also recognised this as unique: "Shooting in a curve deflection shooting is the most difficult thing a pilot can do.

The enemy flies in a defensive circle, that means they are already lying in a curve and the attacking fighter has to fly into this defensive circle.

By pulling his aircraft right around, his curve radius must be smaller, but if he does that, his target disappears in most cases below his wings.

So he cannot see it anymore and has to proceed simply by instinct. His success as a fighter pilot also led to promotions and more responsibility as an officer.

In a conversation with his friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt , Marseille commented on his style, and his idea of air-to-air combat:.

I often experience combat as it should be. I see myself in the middle of a British [sic] swarm, firing from every position and never getting caught.

Our aircraft are basic elements, Stahlschmidt, which have got to be mastered. You've got to be able to shoot from any position. From left or right turns, out of a roll, on your back, whenever.

Only this way can you develop your own particular tactics. Attack tactics, that the enemy simply cannot anticipate during the course of the battle — a series of unpredictable movements and actions, never the same, always stemming from the situation at hand.

Only then can you plunge into the middle of an enemy swarm and blow it up from the inside. Werner Schröer. With a wingman, Marseille bounced the Kittyhawks.

Marseille nevertheless managed to shoot down another Kittyhawk Sergeant Colin McDiarmid; AK , before nursing his overheating aircraft back to base.

After landing he drove out to the crash site. The P had landed over Allied lines but they found the dead pilot within German territory.

Marseille marked his grave, collected his papers and verified his identity, then flew to Buckland's airfield to deliver a letter of regret. Buckland died two days before his 21st birthday.

His attack method to break up formations, which he perfected, resulted in a high proportion of victories, and in rapid, multiple victories per attack.

On 3 June , Marseille attacked a formation of 16 Curtiss P fighters and shot down six aircraft of No.

This success inflated his score further, recording his 70—75th victories. All the enemy were shot down by Marseille in a turning dogfight. As soon as he shot, he needed only to glance at the enemy plane.

His pattern [of gunfire] began at the front, the engine's nose, and consistently ended in the cockpit. How he was able to do this not even he could explain.

With every dogfight he would throttle back as far as possible; this enabled him to fly tighter turns.

His expenditure of ammunition in this air battle was rounds 60 per aircraft shot down. He was the most amazing and ingenious combat pilot I ever saw.

He was also very lucky on many occasions. He thought nothing of jumping into a fight outnumbered ten to one, often alone, with us trying to catch up to him.

He violated every cardinal rule of fighter combat. He abandoned all the rules. On 17 June , Marseille claimed his th aerial victory. He was the 11th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.

He was finally located. According to rumours he had run off with an Italian girl and was eventually persuaded to return to his unit.

Unusually, nothing was ever said about the incident and no repercussions were visited upon Marseille for this indiscretion.

On 3 September Marseille claimed six victories nos. Three days later Edwards likely killed Günter Steinhausen , a friend of Marseille.

The next day, 7 September , another close friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt was posted missing in action. These personal losses weighed heavily on Marseille's mind along with his family tragedy.

It was noted he barely spoke and became more morose in the last weeks of his life. The strain of combat also induced consistent sleepwalking at night and other symptoms that could be construed as posttraumatic stress disorder.

Marseille never remembered these events. Marseille continued scoring multiple victories throughout September, including seven on 15 September nos.

Between 16 and 25 September, Marseille failed to increase his score due to a fractured arm, sustained in a force landing soon after the 15 September mission.

As a result, he had been forbidden to fly by Eduard Neumann. But the same day, Marseille borrowed the Macchi C. But the one-off flight ended in a wheels-up landing, when the German ace accidentally switched the engine off, as the throttle control in Italian aircraft was opposite to that of the German aircraft.

Marseille had nearly surpassed his friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt's score of 59 victories in just five weeks. However, the massive material superiority of the Allies meant the strain placed on the outnumbered German pilots was now severe.

At this time, the strength of German fighter units was 65 serviceable aircraft against the British muster of some machines. After his last combat on 26 September, Marseille was reportedly on the verge of collapse after a minute battle with a formation of Spitfires, during which he scored his seventh victory of that day.

Of particular note was Marseille's th claim. After landing in the afternoon of 26 September , he was physically exhausted.

Several accounts allude to his Squadron members being visibly shocked at Marseille's physical state. Marseille, according to his own post-battle accounts, had been engaged by a Spitfire pilot in an intense dogfight that began at high altitude and descended to low-level.

Marseille recounted how both he and his opponent strove to get onto the tail of the other. Both succeeded and fired but each time the pursued managed to turn the table on his attacker.

Finally, with only 15 minutes of fuel remaining, he climbed into the sun. The RAF fighter followed and was caught in the glare.

Marseille executed a tight turn and roll, fired from metres range. The Spitfire caught fire and shed a wing.

It crashed into the ground with the pilot still inside. Marseille wrote, "That was the toughest adversary I have ever had. His turns were fabulous I thought it would be my last fight".

Unfortunately the pilot and his unit remain unidentified. All had been allocated to Marseille's 3. Marseille had previously ignored orders to use these new aircraft because of its high engine failure rate, but on the orders of Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring , Marseille reluctantly obeyed.

One of these machines, WK-Nr. Over the next three days Marseille's Staffel was rested and taken off flying duties. On 28 September Marseille received a telephone call from Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel asking to return with him to Berlin.

Hitler was to make a speech at the Berlin Sportpalast on 30 September and Rommel and Marseille were to attend.

Marseille rejected this offer, citing that he was needed at the front and had already taken three months' vacation that year.

On 30 September , Hauptmann Marseille was leading his Staffel on a Stuka escort mission covering the withdrawal of the group and relieving the outward escort, III.

Marseille's flight was vectored onto Allied aircraft in the vicinity but the opponent withdrew and did not take up combat. Marseille vectored the heading and height of the formation to Neumann who directed III.

Marseille heard 8. Upon reaching friendly lines, "Yellow 14" had lost power and was drifting lower and lower.

Pöttgen called out after about 10 minutes that they had reached the White Mosque of Sidi Abdel Rahman , and were thus within friendly lines.

At this point, Marseille deemed his aircraft no longer flyable and decided to bail out, his last words to his comrades being "I've got to get out now, I can't stand it any longer".

I was at the command post and listening to the radio communication between the pilots. I realised immediately something serious had happened; I knew they were still in flight and that they were trying to bring Marseille over the lines into our territory and that his aircraft was emitting a lot of smoke.

His Staffel , which had been flying a tight formation around him, peeled away to give him the necessary room to manoeuvre.

He worked his way out of the cockpit only to be carried backwards by the slipstream. The left side of his chest struck the vertical stabiliser of his fighter, which either killed him instantly or rendered him unconscious to the point that he could not deploy his parachute.

He fell almost vertically, hitting the desert floor 7 kilometres 4. After recovering the body, the parachute release handle was still on "safe," suggesting Marseille had not attempted to open it.

The doctor had been the first to reach the crash site, having been stationed just to the rear of the forward mine defences.

He had also witnessed Marseille's fatal fall. His arms were hidden beneath his body. As I came closer, I saw a pool of blood that had issued from the side of his crushed skull; brain matter was exposed.

I then noticed the awful wound above the hip. With certainty this could not have come from the fall. The pilot must have been slammed into the airplane when bailing out.

I carefully turned the dead pilot over onto his back. The paybook also told me. I glanced at the dead man's watch. It had stopped at Oberleutnant Ludwig Franzisket collected the body from the desert.

Marseille lay in state in the Staffel sick bay, his comrades coming to pay their respects throughout the day.

An enquiry into the crash was hastily set up. The commission's report concluded that the crash was caused by damage to the differential gear , which caused an oil leak.

Then a number of teeth broke off the spur wheel and ignited the oil. Sabotage or human error was ruled out. The mission that ended in its destruction was its first mission.

He ruled out the existence of a fire, for he did not believe Marseille could have spoken for nine minutes without fatigue in smoke caused by a fire.

The deaths of two other German aces, Günter Steinhausen and Marseille's friend Hans-Arnold Stahlschmidt , just three weeks earlier reduced spirits to an all-time low.

One biographer suggests these consequences were instigated by a failure in the command style of Marseille, although it was not entirely within his control.

The more success Marseille had, the more his staffel relied on him to carry the greater share of aerial victories claimed by the unit.

Historians Hans Ring and Christopher Shores also point to the fact that Marseille's promotions were based on personal success rates more than any other reason, and other pilots did not get to score air victories, let alone become Experten themselves.

They flew support as the "maestro showed them how it was done", and often "held back from attacking enemy aircraft to build his score still higher".

Eduard Neumann explained:. In fact most of the pilots in Marseille's staffel acted in secondary role as escort to the 'master.

Marseille's impact on Allied fighter pilots and their morale is unclear. It was a helpless feeling to be continually bounced, and to do so little about it.

Apparently not so well. Although there is a little indication that some Allied pilots may have heard of Marseille, this information did not readily make its way down to Allied Squadrons.

Fanciful stories abound of how pilots knew of one another and hoped to duel with each other in the skies. This was more than likely not the case.

Marseille appeared four times in the Deutsche Wochenschau , the German propaganda newsreel. The first time on Wednesday 17 February when Oberst Galland, the General der Jagdflieger , visited an airport in the desert.

The third time on Wednesday 9 September announcing Marseille's 17 aerial victories from 1 September and that he had been awarded the Diamonds to his Knight's Cross.

His last appearance was on 30 September showing Marseille visiting Erwin Rommel. Printing press used Marseille prolifically during ; from magazines to journals.

Der Adler used his image for a front cover on 7 and 14 July Marseille's death did not prohibit his inclusion in the Die Wehrmacht on 21 and 28 October Signal used him as a cover in their September Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung used him for a cover on 4 July The movie was a fictionalised account of Marseille's wartime service.

The German Military History Research Office MGFA published a brief evaluation of Marseille in early , stating that "occasional attempts in the popular literature to suggest Marseille's unsoldierly bravado and honest character points to an ideological distance to National Socialism are misleading".

MGFA concluded that, since there is no academic biography of Marseille, "it is not known that Hans-Joachim Marseille has, through his overall actions or through a single outstanding deed, earned praise in the service for freedom and justice [as defined in the current guidelines for military tradition]".

In the chapter Ist das noch Tradition - oder muss das weg? The fighter pilot Hans-Joachim Marseille, namesake of the Marseille-Kaserne] the historians discuss Marseille and his character.

The chapter asserts that the stories told about Marseille are rooted in wartime [Nazi] propaganda. They doubt whether Marseille's reputation is sufficient to allow him to act as a role model in the modern German military.

However, they assert, like Werner Mölders , that Marseille was not a politicial soldier, but apolitical, despite the prevailing political situation in the Third Reich.

Several biographies of Hans-Joachim Marseille have described his disdain for authority and for the National Socialist movement in general.

Some biographers, such as Colin Heaton, describe him as "openly anti-Nazi. After returning to Africa, Eduard Neumman recalled, "After his first visit with Hitler, Marseille returned and said that he thought 'the Führer was a rather odd sort'.

Several senior officers, which included Adolf Galland and Nicolaus von Below , overheard his remarks during one of the award ceremonies.

Von Below asked Marseille if he would join the Nazi Party and within earshot of others, Marseille responded, "that if he saw a party worth joining, he would consider it, but there would have to be plenty of attractive women in it.

Hitler purportedly left the room. Later that month Marseille was invited to another party function, despite his earlier stunt.

Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff , of Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS , confirmed that during his visit Marseille overheard a conversation which mentioned crimes against the Jews and other people.

He stated:. Globocnik and I were talking about Operation Reinhard , which was in full effect following Heydrich's murder , and also the construction of Sobibor and Treblinka.

I know I asked him about Höss , who was also standing there and had been summoned by Himmler regarding logistics or something regarding the new camp Auschwitz.

Then Globocnik mentioned to me and Kaltenbrunner that Lidice had been cleared, and all the Jews and Czechs had been dealt with.

I noticed that this young pilot, who I later learned was Marseille, must have overheard, and I debated whether I should go over and say something to him.

I decided against it. When Marseille returned to his unit, he reportedly asked his friends Franzisket, Clade and Schröer whether they had heard what was happening to Jews and if perhaps something was underway that they did not know about.

Franszisket recalled that he had heard Jews were being relocated to territory gained in the East but no more. Marseille recounted how he had attempted to ask questions about Jews who had vanished from his own neighbourhood, including the family doctor that had delivered him at birth.

Regardless of his hero status, when he attempted to bring the subject into any conversation with people who approached him, his enquiries were either met with awkward silences, people changed the subject, or even turned away.

Franzisket noticed a change in Marseille's attitude toward his nation's cause. He never spoke of this with his comrades again. Marseille's friendship with his adopted helper also is used to show his anti-Nazi character.

Marseille took him as a personal helper rather than allow him to be sent to a prisoner of war camp in Europe.

Over time, Marseille and Mathias became inseparable. Marseille was concerned how Mathias would be treated by other units of the Wehrmacht and once remarked "Where I go, Mathias goes.

Biographer Robert Tate went further in his examination. Letuku was in direct contradiction to the Nazi mandate. Mathias initially worked as a volunteer driver with 3.

Staffel then befriended Marseille and became his domestic helper in Africa. Sheck said, "I know of the camp commandant of the concentration camp of Mauthausen , who held a black man as his personal servant.

This was done out of disrespect, however. I do not think that aspect was relevant for Marseille.

But his behaviour would probably be startling for many other researchers. Marseille was transferred to his first combat assignment with the I.

Two days later he arrived at this unit on 12 August He was assigned to the 1. Staffel of this Gruppe.

Staffelkapitän was Oberleutnant Adolf Buhl. One of the Schwarmführer was Oberfeldwebel Helmut Goedert, to whom Marseille was assigned as wingman.

Marseille flew his first combat mission on the next day, Wednesday 13 August and claimed his first aerial victory on 24 August In over little more than two years he amassed another aerial victories.

The German Federal Archives still hold records for of Marseille aerial victories. The dates and times detailed below are base on Wübbe; the information provided on the identity of enemy units and personnel is taken from multiple sources.

This indicates that the aerial combat report is missing from the German Federal Archives. Marseille's Bf was hit in this engagement.

His likely opponent was James Francis Edwards. Some serious discrepancies between Allied squadron records and German claims have caused some historians and Allied veterans to question the accuracy of Marseille's official victories, in addition to those of JG 27 as a whole.

Careful review of records however do show that the British [and South Africans] did lose more than 17 aircraft that day, and in the area that Marseille operated.

Tate also compares Marseilles rate of corroboration with the top six P pilots. However, the claims for 15 September are in serious doubt, following the first detailed scrutiny of the records of individual Allied squadrons by Australian historian Russell Brown.

Moreover, Brown lists three occasions on which Marseille could not have downed as many aircraft as claimed. Stephan Bungay has pointed out the low military value of shooting down DAF fighters, rather than the bombers that, by mid, were having a highly damaging effect on Axis ground units and convoy routes.

The British [sic] lost no bombers at all Sometime in the early s, one of Marseille's biographers, Robert Tate, visited the former Marseille-Kaserne base and Museum to see and photograph Marseille's medals.

Marseille joined the military service in Wehrmacht on 7 November His first station was Quedlinburg in the Harz region where he received his military basic training as a Luftwaffe recruit.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. German World War II fighter pilot. His achievements had previously been regarded as impossible and they were never excelled by anyone after his death.

He sometimes acted like one too. Berliner Strasse Sources conflict over the aircraft type citing it as a Hawker Hurricane or Supermarine Spitfire.

Morley said "his greatest deeds, only revealed by the patient work of scholars and the accident of my own involvement as an eye-witness, were almost private and purely compassionate.

In addition, he claimed a 7th aerial victory over a Spitfire dated on 9 September which was witnessed by Buhl. All seven victories were claimed while serving with I.

According to Hans Ring a vivid account is given in this book. He may have been from South Africa, as his parents resided there.

Note: Narrated by Brian Matthews. Retrieved 25 September Bekker, Cajus Known For. Good Bye Lenin! Herr Mehlert. Verbotene Liebe Butler George Helthay.

Nesthocker - Familie zu verschenken Erwin Baumgart. Jump to: Actor Self. Josef Wenger. Willi Karlfeld. Der Stecher. Jens Pensberg. Herr Hanke.

Rudolf Winzeck. Roland Zimmermann. Herr Berg. Fritz Schrothmann. Bauer Rieder. Fritz Knaller. Hans Rössler. Patient Bleichert. Herr Koch. Schramm - Jugendliebe Fritz Hartung.

Herr Kaminski. Bernhard Osthoff. Erwin Baumgart. Heinrich Diestel. Jupp Händer. Herr Möhlmann. Rentner Jubitz. Rentner Minze.

Herr Lösche.

Jochen Stern - aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

März ist ohne den Dann wird es höchste Zeit! Rund Jahre ist die in hell gestrichenem Holz gefasste und mit Ornamenten verzierte Gedenktafel alt.

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